Arthroplasty is surgery done to reconstruct
or replace a diseased joint. For
rheumatoid arthritis, arthroplasty is done to restore
function to a joint or correct a deformity. Bones in a joint can be reshaped. Or all or part of the joint can be replaced with metal, ceramic, or plastic parts.
Recovery following arthroplasty may
involve a 2- to 14-day hospital stay. Depending on the joint, rehabilitation
may take several weeks to several months.
Surgery such as arthroplasty will not
cure rheumatoid arthritis, nor will it stop disease activity. But if a joint is
badly diseased, surgery may provide pain relief and improve function. Arthroplasty is considered when:
Arthroplasty can relieve pain and
restore enough function in a joint to allow a person to do normal daily
Risks of arthroplasty include the risks of
surgery and using anesthetic and the risks of:
To learn more about total knee
and hip replacement surgery, see the topic Osteoarthritis.
of arthroplasty depends in part on whether a person follows a rehabilitation
program after surgery.
Complete the surgery information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you prepare for this surgery.
CitationsEkwall AKH, Firestein GS (2014). Rheumatoid arthritis: Treatment. In EG Nabel et al., eds., Scientific American Medicine, chap. 1032. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker. https://www.deckerip.com/decker/scientific-american-medicine/chapter/1032/pdf. Accessed December 15, 2016.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal MedicineMartin J. Gabica, MD - Family MedicineKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerNancy Ann Shadick, MD, MPH - Internal Medicine, Rheumatology
Current as ofJanuary 20, 2017
Current as of:
January 20, 2017
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Nancy Ann Shadick, MD, MPH - Internal Medicine, Rheumatology
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Last modified on: 8 September 2017