Smoking injures blood vessel walls and speeds up hardening of the
arteries (atherosclerosis). As a result, the heart works harder, and blood
pressure may increase. Cigarette smoking increases your risk for transient ischemic attack (TIA) and
Heavy smokers are at greater risk for TIA and stroke. Daily cigarette
smoking can increase the risk of stroke by 2½ times.footnote 1
The risk of stroke and TIA decreases for those who quit smoking. If
you smoked less than one pack a day and you quit, within 5 years your risk
will be the same as though you had never smoked.footnote 1
CitationsKasner SE, Moss HE (2010). Cerebrovascular disorders. In EG Nabel, ed., ACP Medicine, section 11, chap. 4. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.Other Works ConsultedMeschia JF, et al. (2014). Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: A statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, published online October 28, 2014. DOI: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000046. Accessed October 29, 2014.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerRichard D. Zorowitz, MD - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Current as ofMarch 20, 2017
Current as of:
March 20, 2017
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Richard D. Zorowitz, MD - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2017 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Last modified on: 8 September 2017