Oophorectomy is the
surgical removal of the
ovaries, the part of a woman's reproductive system
that stores and releases eggs for fertilization and produces female sex
Oophorectomy may be done alone or as part of a hysterectomy.
Oophorectomy is often needed when pelvic disease,
ovarian cancer, is present. And it is sometimes recommended when the
hormones produced by the ovaries are making a disease such as breast cancer or
severe endometriosis worse.
In some cases the ovaries are removed to try to reduce the possibility of developing a future disease, such as
ovarian cancer. This is called a prophylactic oophorectomy.
Most hysterectomies do not include oophorectomy. Oophorectomy is done for conditions and diseases such as:
If you do not have an increased risk of ovarian cancer or another disease
that requires the removal of your ovaries, consider the benefits of not having
your ovaries removed. These benefits include:
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Other Works ConsultedAmerican College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2008, reaffirmed 2010). Elective and risk-reducing Salpingo-oophorectomy. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 89. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 111(1): 231-241.Parker WH, et al. (2013). Long-term mortality associated with oophorectomy compared with ovarian conservation in the Nurses' Health Study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 121(4): 709-716. DOI: http://10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182864350. Accessed October 9, 2014.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerKirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as ofOctober 13, 2016
Current as of:
October 13, 2016
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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Last modified on: 8 September 2017